During his pontificate, Pope Benedict XVI offered the term “technological prometheanism”. By it, he warns that as the mythical Greek Prometheus gravely suffered after seeking a good for mankind, though without regard for moral or ethical truths, so could many suffer from certain ideologies present today. This includes ideas such as “gender freedom” where men and women supposedly are free to “choose” their gender. There is also risk of a reductionism whereby being a person is reducible only to matter, that a person is not both soul and matter. This means, for example, that our mind, as subtle and marvelous as it can be, is merely a brain with cells and firing synapses! God’s image and likeness is not present.
Pope Benedict is concerned that with a materialistic view of man, together with the great development of technology, that man becomes “deprived of his soul” and his personal relationship with the Creator is lost. Then, “what is technically possible becomes licit, each experiment is acceptable, any population policy permitted, any manipulation legitimized.”