Highlight the religious conflict in England leading to the English Civil War; describe the Puritan Experiment in government, including its attack on Christmas. Describe the great religious crisis of the Popish Plot during the reign of the restored Stuart monarch, Charles II–recount the injustice of the trials of the last great wave of Catholic martyrs from 1679 to 1681. Continue the story of Maryland, describing Calvert’s heirs and their efforts to inculcate religious tolerance and freedom of religion in their colony–the changing fortunes of Catholics in the Maryland colony during the the Civil War and Restoration.
Archive for September, 2012
Explain the two great dangers to Elizabeth and how they affected Catholics: her rivalry with Mary, Queen of Scots and the Spanish Armada (plots led by Catholics to depose Elizabeth and replace her with Mary on England’s throne and the Catholic position on the Spanish Armada). Describe the wave of martyrdoms of Catholic priests and laity after the Armada: why are they martyrs?
Describe the end of the Tudor dynasty and the transition to the Stuart dynasty–the status of Catholics in 1603.
Describe the legislation that established the Church of England as a via media compromise between Calvinism and Catholicism (The Book of Common Prayer and the Thirty-Nine Articles). Catholic Reaction: The Northern Rebellion.The controversial excommunication of Elizabeth I by Pope St. Pius V–casting suspicion on all Catholics in England and leading to recusancy and martyrdom. Stories of early martyrs like St. Edmund Campion and St. Robert Southwell.
The failure of Lady Jane Grey’s reign; the succession of Mary, Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon’s daughter. The controversy over the burning of heretics during Mary I’s reign; her efforts to restore Catholicism more positively: the efforts of Cardinal Reginald Pole, the last Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury. The death of Mary and the succession of Elizabeth, her half-sister–the legacy of “Bloody Mary” and her current reputation.